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Pericardial Effusion

carolinagirl811
Posts: 15
Joined: Feb 2015

I'm a T-cell non-hodgkins lymphoma patient who is about to wrap up maintenance chemotherapy. After my diagnosis two years ago, an echo was performed to rule out heart involvement. At the time, a pericardial effusion was present, but it was essentially ignored due to the chemptherapy and what not. In February after this year and my presentation of chest pain, I had another echo, that still showed a small pericardial effusion. In June I'll have a cardiac MRI. Is there any reason to believe this could be cancerous? It just seems unsual. Thanks!

po18guy
Posts: 1041
Joined: Nov 2011

Has the effusion been monitored during your treatment? If the trend is toward reduction, then it may be nothing to worry about. There are many potential causes of pericardial effusion. From the Wiki:

"Causes of Pericarditis
Long term usage of cabergoline ingredient (dopamine agonists)
Viral infection (coxsackie virus)
Infection including tuberculosis
Drug Eluting Stents
Inflammatory disorders, such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis[2] and post myocardial infarction pericarditis (Dressler's syndrome)
Cancer that has spread to the pericardium
Trichinosis
Kidney failure with excessive blood levels of urea nitrogen
Minoxidil (hair restoration)
Hypothyroidism
Heart surgery (postpericardotomy syndrome)
Clogged Chest tube after heart surgery, leading to retained blood complications"

If you had Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma, that is known to produce pleural effusion, but that involves the lungs. I woud discuss this with doctor or nurse to get their take on this. A referral to a specialist might be warranted.

carolinagirl811
Posts: 15
Joined: Feb 2015

they can't tell if it's grown in the last two years or not. I'm going to have a cardiac MRI in June to check for tumors. This is the first time we've looked at it at all, so no it hasn't been monitored. 

Max Former Hodgkins Stage 3's picture
Max Former Hodg...
Posts: 3362
Joined: May 2012

carolinagirl,

The effusion sounds highly improbable for malignancy.  Adriamycin, a very common chemo drug (the "Red Devil") can rarely cause heart issues, more like congestive heart failure however, and heart issues from Adriamycin are usually delayed for a long time, sometimes as long as ten years, before emerging.

Since the effusion was there prior to beginning maintenance, intuitively it just does not sound like malignancy to my layman's mind.  I am using logic here, not medical knowledge.

max

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