Apr 11, 2011 - 11:34 pm
Hi gals, I stumbled across this abstract on topo, and found it interesting.
It is on the PubMed site
Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women. Most patients with ovarian cancer respond to first-line chemotherapy, but many relapse within 18 to 22 months. The development of efficacious salvage therapies that increase overall survival while maintaining quality of life is a great challenge in the treatment of this disease. Topotecan, a novel topoisomerase I inhibitor, is currently indicated for the treatment of recurrent metastatic carcinoma of the ovary. In patients with relapsed ovarian cancer, the overall response rates on treatment with topotecan range from 19%-33% in platinum-sensitive patients, 14%-18% in platinum-resistant patients, and 5%-11% in platinum-refractory patients. The proportion of patients achieving stable disease ranges between 17% in refractory and 48% in sensitive patients. In phase III studies, topotecan was shown to be equivalent in efficacy to both paclitaxel and liposomal doxorubicin as second-line therapy in patients with relapsed ovarian cancer. Further, non-cross-resistance between topotecan and paclitaxel was demonstrated in a third-line, phase III crossover study, suggesting that topotecan may be effective in the first-line setting with paclitaxel and/or platinum. Hematologic toxicities include neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia; however, these toxicities are usually short lived, noncumulative, and manageable with dose modifications, including low-dose topotecan regimens. Nonhematologic toxicities are usually mild to moderate in severity. These data support the use of topotecan for second-line therapy and suggest that topotecan may also be effective in first-line therapy. Further studies with topotecan alone and in combination with other agents are needed to fully characterize the role and sequencing of topotecan in the salvage and first-line settings.
What I found interesting, is that my doctor told me that I had a 5 -10% chance of topo working. So, in reading this, I realize that he is considering me a "platinum refractory" patient (recurring in 6 months). I recurred after 8 months, initially, but this last taxol/carbo didn't put me into remission. So, I assume that, what category you are in is determined by your last experience with platinum. By that definition, can we assume that our category (platinum-resustant, platinum-sensitive and platinum-refractory) can be always evolving? I suppose when you think that the cancer is always mutating, it makes sense. I had always thought of my self in the "platinum-sensitive" category, so am processsing all this at the moment.
Not that it makes any difference for my next step, LOL......
I welcome any input on this subject.