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Essiac Tea - Cancer Cure?

prayerangel
Posts: 150
Joined: Jun 2002

Has anyone heard of this tea as a cure for cancer? Please let me know. They claim it doesn't harm you while you are taking chemo, or any other treatments. I'm a sceptic. Thanks,
Karen

phoenixrising's picture
phoenixrising
Posts: 1510
Joined: Feb 2007

My husband and I took it for awhile as a blood cleanser back in the early 90's and he also took it when he was diagnosed with colorectal cancer. He did and took alot of things and in the end he was really healthy and so was his tumor. He had to have surgery, rads and chemo
like everyone else. Whether it slowed the growth down or helped in any other way we just don't know. However, there are people
that it has worked for. Perhaps it works on certain types of cancer. I don't think any of the ingredients are harmful when you have
breast cancer but there is another product out there that markets itself as the same but contains more than the four ingredients.
Floressence is the name of that product here and it contains red clover which is estrogenic and I couldn't find enough evidence
out there to satisfy me that it is safe. If you read the following from our cancer agency you will see that some of the ingredients
actually are anti-tumor. I just don't know anyone that it has worked for. Hope this all helps. I also hope it copys and pastes correctly.

Summary
"Researchers at the NCI and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center have found that it [Essiac] has no anticancer effect." (Spencer)

Description / Source / Components
Essiac is a tea made from four dried herbs - Indian rhubarb (Rheum palmatum), sheephead sorrel (Rumex acetosella), slippery elm (Ulmus fulva or Ulmus rubra) and burdock (Arctium lappa). it is manufactured by the Resperin Corporation in Toronto, and has no connection with the Federal Government.

"The herbs contain potentially active compounds rhein, emodin, high molecular weight polysaccharides, and possibly arctigenin." (Boik)

Essiac can be taken orally in a liquid form or can be injected into the tumour site. (LeMoine)

"Essiac is sold in health-food stores and catalogs as a nutritional supplement. In Canada, it is also available through a program for patients for whom no effective conventional cancer treatment exists." (Cassileth)

History
Essiac is an herbal remedy given by native North American Indians to Nurse Rene Caisse whose name spelled backwards is the name of the preparation. (Fraser)

"The original recipe is said to have been formulated in northern Ontario by an Ojibwa healer "to purify the body and place in balance the great spirit". (Kaegi)

"Caisse refined the original formula and developed oral and injectable components." (Boik)

Before Caisse died in 1978, she gave the recipe to Resperin Corporation of Ontario. (Health)

In 1991, Resperin, who had held the rights for 15 years, assigned their rights to Mankind Research Foundation, with David Dobbie of New Brunswick as their distributor. The Canadian Trademark "Essiac" is held by Mankind of Maryland, USA. (Flor*Essence)

Proponent / Advocate Claims
"Proponents of Essiac claim that it strengthens the immune system, improves appetite, relieves pain and improves overall 'quality of life'. They also claim that it may reduce tumour size and may prolong the lives of people with many types of cancer." (Kaegi)

"Caisse believed that Essiac worked by attacking the tumor directly, first hardening it, then causing it ot soften and break up, and finally discharging it from the body." (Cassileth)

Rene Caisse is an 88-year-old nurse from Bracebridge, Ontario who "has been convinced for 50 years that she has an herbal remedy that's effective against cancer. In the '20s and '30s, she defied the medical establishment to treat hundreds of cancer patients (most of them terminal) with her secret remedy, and produced remarkable results." (Fraser)

"In 1938, Essiac came within three votes of being legalized by the Ontario government as a remedy for terminal cancer patients." (Robinson)

"There is some evidence from laboratory research that each of the main herbs found in the Essiac formula have some biological activity (an effect on the structure or function of cells, tissues or organs). However, herbalists believe that the synergistic interaction of herbal ingredients (i.e. the combined effect of the constituent herbs) is critical to their beneficial treatment effects and to the control of side effects. The proponents of Essiac also claim that the effect is dependent on the herbs being present in the correct proportions, in accordance with approved recipes." (Canadian)

"A purified extract of burdock injected into mice with transplanted solid tumours has been reported to result in tumour inhibition (slowing the growth or spread of tumours). In another study burdock was shown to contain a desmutagen (a factor that reduces the ability of an agent to cause changes in the DNA of chromosomes in cell systems)." (Canadian)

"Extracts of rheum palmatum have been shown to cause significant tumour necrosis (cell death) in a mouse study using an implanted sarcoma 37 test system (a special test often used to evaluate th potential anti-tumour effects of new agents). (Canadian)

"Another constituent of plants in the rhubarb family - aloe emodin - has been tested in mice and... shown to have tumour inhibition properties. It should be noted that the activity of aloe emodin in this study varied with the extraction method used to remove and concentrate aloe emodin for testing purposes. This emphasizes the need to consider the extraction methods used, as well as the strength and the potency of herbal extracts when evaluation and interpreting experiments on these agents." (Canadian)

Professional Evaluation / Critique
"A 1982 study by the Canadian government of cancer patients taking Essiac found that patients did not benefit from it, and laboratory research conducted in 1983 by the U.S. National Cancer Institute found no merit to the product." (Cassileth)

"... 360 patients with breast, prostate or GI cancer attending outpatient clinics at Princess Margaret were surveyed regarding their experiences with Essiac... Of patients on Essiac, 30% felt it had helped them. The benefit was described as psychological in 54%, physical in 29% and unspecified in the remainder." (Karn)

"Long term anthranoid laxative [eg. rhein and emodin found in essiac] use is correlated with increased risk of colon cancer." (Van Gorkom)

"The review of all the information about Essiac for the task force reveals some weak evidence of its effectiveness and suggests that Essiac is unlikely to cause serious side effects when used as directed. However, the nature and quality of studies reporting benefit are such that the findings can only be regarded as preliminary. High-quality and open-minded research into the effects of this popular unconventional therapy is needed. The principal danger of this and other unconventional therapies is that they may delay the diagnosis and conventional treatment of serious diseases." (Kaegi)

"Keith I. Block, M.D., director of Cancer Care at the Edgewater Medical Center in Chicago, is among those physicians who do not regard Essiac as particularly powerful against cancer. It is possible that Essiac is less effective today than it was decades ago. Certainly our diet and environment have become increasingly polluted since the early 1900's, and that places a growing burden on the body's immune and detoxification systems." (Diamond)

Dr. K.J.R. Wightman, medical director of the Ontario Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation and a former president of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons commented on the studies: "In the past three months there has been considerable emotion and concern regarding a herbal remedy for cancer (Essiac). During this period the preparation as supplied by Nurse Caisse from Bracebridge has been tested by a reputable investigator on patients with a variety of malignancies... there is no evidence of any alteration in the disease process of any of the patients. However subjective improvements in the sense of well being were noted in a number of the patients, although this could or could not be a placebo effect."

Caisse's story, which was published in Homemaker's Magazine (Toronto) in 1977 precipitated a great deal of public interest and resulted in scientific investigation.

In one trial, out of 40 patients, 18 have died and 15 have been withdrawn because of definite deterioration. Four who had initially very slowly progressive disease continue on the preparation but have shown no response. The remaining three patients with chronic lymphatic leukemia had no change in any parameter of their disease status. Data on a further 25 patients are being compiled by a separate investigator with similar results. "These unequivocal negative statistics refute any claims made as to the efficacy of this cancer cure with the material provided in the suggested dosage schedules." (Wightman)

The Health Protection Branch (Canada) contacted 150 physicians who were known to have received supplies of Essiac from Resperin Corporation in Toronto for individual patients. Replies from 74 of the physicians concerning 86 patients revealed that "47 patients reported no benefits; 8 of the reports were not evaluable; 17 patients had died; 1 patient was reported to have had a subjective improvement; 5 patients were reported as requiring less analgesia; 4 patients were said to have an objective response; and 4 patients were in a stable condition." In 1982, the 8 patients who had an objective response or who had remained stable were re-examined by their physicians and the following results were obtained:

"In 3 of the 8 the disease had progressed; 2 had died; and 3 were remaining stable. The 3 stable patients' histories were further documented and it is the impression of the Health Protection Branch that in these cases the stability was due to other forms of treatment. The conclusion from these 86 patients must therefore be that Essiac had not altered the progression of cancer in these patients, and did not show any specific benefit with the exception of a possible placebo effect in some cases." (Sproul)

In a later issue, Homemaker's Magazine printed the following retraction: "The two doctors who tested Essiac - Caisse's herbal tea which appeared to have merit in the treatment of cancer - have concluded that there is no evidence that the preparation cures cancer . . . they revealed that Essiac had been given to 60 cancer patients, and that the results were 'without evidence of any alteration in the disease process...'" (Hughes)

Prior to signing over the formula for Essiac to the Resperin Corporation, Caisse refused to share her secret remedy. At least eight offers to help her achieve recognition and distribution for Essiac were made. Some were from scientific groups, some from laymen. She rejected them all. (Fraser)

In 1936 Dr. Banting of the Banting Institute offered to provide Mrs. Caisse with mice inoculated with mouse sarcoma, provide her with chickens inoculated with Rouse sarcoma and "the animals will be placed at her disposal in the laboratory within the hours of 9-5." She was not asked to divulge any secrets concerning her treatment. This offer by the Banting Institute was turned down by Mrs. Caisse.

At some time in the 1950s, Dr. Shields Warren of the U.S. National Cancer Institute suggested they would do animal tests but this was rejected by Mrs. Caisse when it was found that the Cancer Institute would require the formula. (Boyes)

"Dr. D. Walde of Sault Ste. Marie, obtained some Essiac and tested it on 40 patients with proven cancer. In none of these patients was there any measurable improvement." (Boyes) (Walde)

"However, despite its long use as a folkloric remedy, no solid evidence exists that burdock exhibits any useful therapeutic activity." (Tyler)

"There are a number of herbal distributors who claim to sell the original Essiac. However, there are also disputes about whether certain brands are the real thing." (Ontario)

Toxicity / Risks
Health and Welfare Canada acknowledges that "Essiac is not harmful to a person's health as long as it is not taken instead of proven forms of cancer therapy." (Ontario) (Health)

"Since Essiac may cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea if taken with food or soon after meals, proponents recommend that it be taken two or three hours after meals or at least one hour before meals." (Canadian)

"The Canadian Journal of Herbalism ("Old Ontario Remedies," July 1991) warns that two of the herbs in Essiac contain large concentrations of oxalic acid, which could upset nutritional metabolism and make the remedy unsafe for people with kidney ailments and arthritic conditions." (Kriegel)

"There have been some unconfirmed reports of possible burdock toxicity. The most common side effects are those characteristic of the drug, atropine - disorientation, flushing of the skin and the enlargement of the pupils. However, it is not clear whether these symptoms were due to burdock root toxicity or to contaminants in the preparation of the herbal mixtures that were administered to the patients." (Canadian)

"...the constituent herbs may cause allergic dermatitis in addition to their laxative effect." (Kaegi)

"Spasmodic gastrointestinal complaints can occur as a side effect to the drug's [rhubarb's] purgative effect. Long-term use leads to losses of electrolytes, in particular K(+) ions, and as a result of this to hyperaldosteronism [an abnormality of electrolyte metabolism], inhibition of intestinal motility and enhancement of the effect of cardioactive steroids; in rare cases also to heart arrhythmias, nephropathies [diseases of the kidney], edemas [the presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces of the body] and accelerated bone deterioration." (Physician's Desk Reference)

prayerangel
Posts: 150
Joined: Jun 2002

You rock!!! Thanks for that great info, and your own story. I hope people read this. Good luck and God bless. Karen

cabbott
Posts: 1046
Joined: Aug 2006

I just saw my oncologist today. I keep asking him about any diet modifications that might help. Of course, I want the magic wand like everyone else to make sure the cancer disappears and never comes back. He is research driven and points out repeatedly (as often as I ask!!!) that a low-fat, high veggie diet has been shown to assist survival for breast cancer patients. He recommends a cheap multi-vitamin and that,period. There's some positive effects of green tea maybe on some kinds of cancer and maybe broccoli sprouts as well, but no magic wands as much as I would like. Current research in the medical realm is on targetted treatments that keep the positive effects on destroying cancer without side effects that destroy general health. I know they aren't there yet, but I know the drugs now are tons better than they were 20 years ago. Doctors also have drugs for most of the side effects now too. The definition of a drug is anything that changes the way your mind or body works, excluding food. Herbal treatments that work like medicines are drugs, but their potency and list of side effects are unknowns for the most part. The nurse at my school looks up folk remedies on a medical internet site she can access to determine side effects. If you are ever tempted to try out herbal cures, be sure to run it past a medical expert who can go over its probabilities for success, known side effects, and how it interacts with other medicines you are on. Many doctors don't study herbal concoctions so good luck finding such an expert. They are out there, but it takes some searching to find medically quailified experts and you need a good one so you don't get took by the snake oil salesmen!

LesleyH
Posts: 371
Joined: Mar 2006

Add to that the importance of exercise. My oncologist insists on it. There is an overall reduction in recurrence of 50% for hormone positive women who exercise. BTW, I don't take a cheap multi. I think cheap ones take a lot of shortcuts. I take one formulated by Dr Weil - It has a full 1000 IU of Vitamin D which is the new recommendation for cancer prevention.

Hugs.

Lesley

lovonna
Posts: 78
Joined: Jan 2006

I started brewing and drinking this tea one month out of chemo. I drink 2 ounces a day and feel that it is an excellent cleanser and immune booster. Started feeling better within the first six weeks of starting. I am one year out of chemo and continue to brew and drink it daily.

LoVonna

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